1 WFW: Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ to the chosen exiles of the diaspora in Pontius, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithunia

1 DYN: A letter from Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the elect exiles that have been scattered; to those in Pontius, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithunia.

Verse 1 Notes

A few words on each of the places Peter addresses, just to gain some familiarity.

Asia – If you look at the maps in the “Atlas” tab, Asia is the area that contains the seven churches that John writes to in Revelation 2 & 3 (also 1:11). Its capitol city was Ephesus. Don’t confuse this area with the name of the whole area, Asia Minor. Asia is a part of Asia minor.

Bithynia  – This is the city in which the Holy Spirit prevented Paul from going (Acts 16:7). Obviously, the Gospel made it there somehow or Peter would not include them in the believers. They are elect, after all per verse 1.

Galatia – Paul did visit this area (Acts 16:6). However, it is actually in the air among scholars whether this is the place that the letter of Galatians is written to, or to a small town that was under Roman rule to the south of this Galatia. Most commentaries you pick up on Galatians will have a lengthy discussion about this very topic.

Pontius – Not much is said about this city in the New Testament except that its citizens were present on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:9)

Cappadocia – Citizens from this city were also present on the day of Pentecost.

If you would like to learn more about these cities, you may consult any Bible Dictionary. Bible dictionaries are a good source for broad strokes on any particular topic. In order to find them, you could just do a google or amazon search for “[name of publisher] Bible Dictionary.”

Just to give you and idea of where Peter was writing to, here is a picture. This region of land is where modern-day Turkey is. During this period, this area was known as “Asia Minor.” So, you may read/hear that name with any study resources that you use. Peter’s particular audience appears in the picture below in red.  

2 WFW: According to the foreknowledge of God the Father by the sanctification of the Spirit into obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. May grace and peace be multiplied unto you

2 DYN: (You are elect) according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctification of the Holy Spirit, for the purpose of obedience, and for the purpose of being sprinkled with Christ’s blood.

Verse 2 Notes

The word for “foreknowledge” is πρόγνοωσις Prognosis. This word is where we get our English word from. Although the meaning is not a 1:1 ratio. Its use over time is still vestige in the modern English definition. 
Many commentaries will say this is many round-about ways, but the fact is this: Peter’s Greek is hard; the dude knew his stuff. Verse 2 picks up expounding on the “elect.” They are elect according to…

Please see the blog post for this verse

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